Japanese expedition sources

February 29, 2020

As I’ve recently added more information and dates concerning the Japanese Antarctic expedition (1910-1912) aboard ‘Kainan Maru’ to my list of posts, I thought it would also be handy to have my sources in one blog post.

This is by no means meant to be a full list of available material about the expedition and please feel free to bring other books/articles/exhibitions/videos etc. to my attention. My practical monolingualism obviously limits the sources with which I can engage but I will be happy to include material in Japanese or other languages!

Kainan Maru in Wellington Harbour (photograph taken by Joseph Zachariah), National Library of New Zealand



The Advertiser (Adelaide), 9 January, 1911.

The Age (Melbourne), 2 May, 1911.

The Australasian (Melbourne), 8 July, 1911.

Daily Herald (Adelaide), 11 November, 1911

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 3 May, 1911; 9 February, 1911.

The Examiner (Launceston), 9 February, 1911.

Geelong Advertiser, 2 May, 1911.

New Zealand Times, 11 February, 1911.

Northern Star (Lismore), 19 May, 1911.

The Sun (Sydney), 17 May, 1911; 18 October, 1911; 15 November, 1911.

Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser, 22 February, 1911.

Sydney Morning Herald, 20 November, 1911.

The Week (Brisbane), 17 November, 1911.



Hince, H., Summerson, R. and Wiesel, A. (eds.).Antarctica: Music, sounds and cultural connections. Acton, 2015.

Riffenburgh, B. (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Antarctic 2 vols. New York, 2007.

Shirase Antarctic Supporters’ Association (compilers and editors). The Japanese South Polar Expedition 1910-12: A Record of Antarctica. Translated by Lara Dagnell and Hilary Shibata. Banham, 2011.

Turney, C. 1912: The Year the World Discovered Antarctica. London, 2012.



Ivar Hamre, ‘The Japanese South Polar Expedition of 1911-1912: A Little-Known Episode in Antarctic Exploration’, The Geographical Journal Vol. 82, No. 5 (1933), pp. 411-423.

Rohan Howitt, ‘The Japanese Antarctic Expedition and the Idea of White Australia’, Australian Historical Studies Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018), pp. 510-526.



Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures, National Diet Library, Japan.


Shirase Antarctic Expedition Party Memorial Museum


Stephanie Pain, ‘Scott, Amundsen… and Nobu Shirase’, New Scientist, 20 December, 2011.


Sword presented to Professor Tannatt Edgeworth David by Shirase Nobu, Australian Museum.



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